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The fourth hadith from the Arba'in Nawawi: The Process of Creation and Determination of Human Destiny

The fourth hadith from the Arba'in Nawawi: The Process of Creation and Determination of Human Destiny

The following is the fourth hadith from the arbain nawawi hadith, which explains the process of human creation and the determination of human destiny. Studying this hadith will increase our insight and knowledge about the greatness of Allah SWT and always istiqomah in doing good because we do not know how our life will end.

عَنْ اَبِى الرَّحْمَنِ عَبْدِ اللّهِ بْنِ مَسعُوْدٍ رَضِيَ اللّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا رَسُوْلُ اللّهِ صَلَّى اللّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَهُوَ الصَّدِقُ المَصْدُوْقُ: اِنْ احَدَكُمْ يُجْمَعُ خَلْقُهُ فِى بَطْنِ اُمِّهِ اَرْبَعِيْنَ يَوْمًا نُطْفَةً، ثُمَّ يَكُوْنُ عَلَقَةً مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ, ثُمَّ يَكُوْنُ مُضْغَةً مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ, ثُمَّ يُرْسَلُ اِلَيْهِ المَلَكُ فَيَنْفُخُ فِيْهِ الرُّوْحَ، وَيُؤْمَرُ بِاَرْبَعِ كَلِماتٍ، بِكَتْبِ رِزْقِهِ وَاَجَلِهِ وَعَمَلِهِ وَشَقِيٌّ اَوْ سَعِيْدٌ. فَوَاللهِ الّذِي لَااِلَهَ غَيْرُهُ اِنْ اَحدُكُمْ لَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلِ اَهْلِ الجَنَّةِ حَتَّى مَا يَكُوْنُ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهَا اِلَّاذِرَاعٌ فَيَسْبِقُ عَلَيْهِ الكِتَابُ فَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلٍ اَهْلِ النَّارِ فَيَدْخُلُهَا، وَاِنْ اَحَدَكُمْ لَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلِ اَهْلِ النَّارِ حَتَّى يَكُوْنُ بَيْنَهُ وَ بَيْنَهَا اِلَّاذِرَاعٌ فَيَسْبِقُ عَلَيْهِ الْكِتَابُ فَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلٍ اَهْلِ الجَنَّةِ فَيَدْخُلُهَا (رواه البخارى و مسلم)

Latin Inscription: ’An Abir rokhmani ‘abdillahibni mas’uudi rodhiyallahu a’nhu qola , khaddatsana rosuulullahi shollallahu ‘alaihi wasallama wahuwash shodiqul mashduuqu in akhadukum yujma’u kholquhu fii bathni ummihi arba’iina yauman nuthfatan, tsumma yakunu ‘alaqotan mitsla dzalika, tsumma yakuunu mudhghotan mitsla dzalika, tsumma yursalu ilaihil malaku fayanfukhu fiihir ruukha, wayu’maru biarba’I kalimaatin bikatbi rizqihi wa ajalihi wa’amalihi wa syaqiyyun au sa’iidun fawallahilladzi laa ilaha ghoiruhu in akhadukum laya’malu bi’amali ahlil jannati khatta ma yakuunu bainahu wa bainaha illa dziroo’un fayasboiqu ‘alaihil kitaabu faya’malu bi’amalin ahlinnaari fayadkhuluha. Wa in akhadukum laya’malu bi’amalin ahlinnaari khatta yakuunu bainahu wa bainaha illa dziroo’un fayasbiqu ‘alaihil kitaabu faya’malu bi’amalin ahlil jannati fayadkhuluha (rowahul bukhoriy wa muslimin)

It Means:  From Abu Abdurrahman Abdullah bin Mas'ud Rodhiyallahu 'anhu, he said: Rasulullah SAW conveyed to us, and he is a valid and justified person. Each of you collects his creation in his mother's stomach as a drop of semen for forty days. Changes became a drop of blood for forty days, then became a lump of flesh for forty days, then an angel was sent to him, and the spirit was breathed on him, and he was ordered to determine four things; determining his sustenance, his death, his deeds, and his wretchedness or happiness. By Allah, there is no god other than him. Some among you do the deeds of the experts in heaven until the distance between themselves and heaven is only one hour, but the conditions have been set for him. He does the deeds of the experts in hell. Then he will enter hell. Verily, there are those among you who do the deeds of the experts in hell until the distance between themselves and suffering is only a cubit, but a stipulation has been set for him, he does the deeds of the experts in heaven so that he will enter paradise (Hadith narrated by Bukhari and Muslim)

The following four contents of the hadith narrated by Bukhari and Muslims above are:

  1. The process of creating a human being from a sperm becomes a clot of blood and a lump of flesh. Then the spirit (ruh) is blown by the angel into the flesh.
  2. At the age of 4 months, human sustenance, death, charity, misfortune, and happiness have been determined. So humans must have faith and be grateful for what they have obtained.
  3. A Muslim must remain consistent in doing good deeds throughout his life because no one knows the end of his life. He might go to hell at the end of his life he could go to heaven at the end of his life.
  4. For those who haven't received guidance, don't give up on repenting and surrender to Allah SWT, who knows he can go to heaven at the end of his life.

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