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The fifth hadith from the arbain nawawi: the prohibition of heresy (Bid'ah)

The fifth hadith from the arbain nawawi:  the prohibition of heresy (Bid'ah)

The fifth hadith from the arbain nawawi book of hadith explains the prohibition of holding worship that has no legal basis according to the Qur'an and hadith (Bid'ah). Studying this hadith will be a guideline for us; if we perform acts of worship not by the Qur'an and Sunnah of the Prophet, these deeds are in vain.

عَنْ اُمِّ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ اُمِّ عَبْدِ اللّهِ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللّهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللّهِ صَلَّى اللّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : مَنْ اَحْدَثَ فِي اَمْرِنَاهَذَا مَا لَيْسَ مِنْهُ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ (رواه البخاري ومسلم وفي رواية لمسلم : مَنْ عَمَلَ عَمَلًا لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ اَمْرُنَ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ)

Latin Inscription: ‘An ummil mu’miniina Ummi abillahi Aisyata rodhiyallahu anha qolats Qola rosuulullahi shollallahu alaihi wasallama man akhdatsa fi amrina hadza ma la laisa minhu fahuwa roddun rowahul bukhoriy wa muslim wa fii riwayatin limuslimin man ‘amala ‘amalaa laisa ‘alaihi amruna fahuwa roddun.

Its mean: From Umm Mu'miniin, umm abdillah, Aisyah rodhiyallahu' anhu she said Rasulullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallama she said Rasulullah Shollallahu'alaihi wa sallama said "Who is making this up in our (religious) affairs that are not (derived) from him, then he was rejected. (Bukhari Muslim narrations and in Muslim narrations, it is stated that who performs an act (worship) that is not our (religion) business, then he is rejected.)

Following are the four contents or contents of the fifth arba'in nawawi hadith above:

  1. Every act of worship must have a legal basis in the Qur'an and hadith
  2. If the act of prayer is not based on the laws of the Qur'an and hadith, then the act of prayer is rejected by Allah.
  3. Prohibition of making bid'ah or holding worship that does not have a legal basis in syar'i.
  4. Islam has provided clear instructions and rules in worship. So there is no need to make your own rules that do not have a clear legal basis.

2 Examples of Bid'ah or inventing in worship activities:

  1. The case of praying in Indonesia in Malang in the 2000s shocked Indonesian society. Because Sholat use in the Indonesian language is heresy. The hadith that reads Shollu kama roai tumuuni usholliy means pray all of you as you all see me praying. Because Rasulullah SAW prayed in Arabic, we must also pray in Arabic.
  2. In the case of the call to prayer in the Turkish language in Turkey during the time of Mustapha Kemal Pasha, the call to prayer in Turkish was considered bid'ah because the call to prayer had to be in Arabic, just as Bilal's best friend used to call to prayer in Arabic.

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